Biology

View/Print PDF

Sean P. Grace
CHAIRPERSON
Jennings 231B
(203) 392-6211 – Fax (203) 392-5364
graces2@SouthernCT.edu
Department Secretary: (203) 392-6211

Meghan Barboza, Assistant Professor
Steven Burian, Professor
Sarah Crawford, Professor
Miranda Dunbar, Assistant Professor
Nicholas Edgington, Associate Professor
Michael Fisher, Assistant Professor
Sean Grace, Associate Professor
Sarah Grimes, Assistant Professor
Rachel Jeffrey, Assistant Professor
Elizabeth Roberts, Associate Professor
Rebecca Silady, Assistant Professor
Jonathan Weinbaum, Associate Professor

MAJORS IN THE BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

The Biology Department offers majors in Biology in three degree programs:  Bachelor of Arts; Bachelor of Science; and Bachelor of Science in Secondary Education.

For students considering graduate and/or pre-professional study:

In addition to the Bachelor of Science in Biology program requirements, the following courses are strongly recommended. All courses are 4 credits:

CHE 260 – Organic Chemistry II
MAT 150 – Calculus I
MAT 151 – Calculus II
PHY 230 and PHY 231 – Physics for Scientists and Engineers I and II

Bachelor of Science in Secondary Education Cognates

Requirements needed to fulfill teaching certification in Connecticut are listed under the heading major programs in the secondary education section of the School of Education.

The following additional courses are strongly recommended:

CHE 260 - Organic Chemistry
MAT 221 - Intermediate Applied Statistics

BIO 100 - General Zoology

Fundamental principles of zoology are examined. Lecture and laboratory sessions introduce organization, responsiveness, reproduction, and classification on invertebrate and vertebrate animals while also analyzing the role of mankind on biodiversity. Lecture, 2 hours; laboratory, 2 hours. Not for biology majors.

3 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2017

BIO 101 - General Botany

Fundamental principles of botany. Organization, metabolism, responsiveness, reproduction and classification of selected plant forms illustrate the principles in the laboratory. Lecture, 2 hours; laboratory, 2 hours. Not for biology majors.

3 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2017

BIO 102 - Biology I

A more comprehensive treatment of general zoology. For science majors and minors. Lecture, 2 hours; laboratory, 4 hours.

Special Information: Lab Fee Required.

Prerequisite(s): Science majors and minors.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2017

BIO 103 - Biology II

A more comprehensive treatment of general botany than BIO 101. For science majors and minors. Lecture, 2 hours; laboratory, 4 hours.

Special Information: Lab Fee Required.

Prerequisite(s): Science majors and minors.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2017

BIO 120 - Microbiology

Biology of microorganisms with emphasis on their roles in health and disease. Host defense mechanisms, immunology, and antimicrobial agents will be discussed in the context of infectious diseases. Credits not applicable toward biology major. Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 2 hours.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2017

BIO 200 - Human Anatomy and Physiology I

A survery of human's functional anatomy starting at the molecular level then progressing through various cell and tissue types, organs and organ systems. Labs are anatomically oriented and designed to examine gross anatomy of the human body.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2017

BIO 201 - Human Anatomy and Physiology II

Functional anatomy of the human body is further explored focusing on physiological responses at the molecular and cellular level then progressing through various cell and tissue types, organs and organ systems. Labs are physiologically oriented and designed to examine human physiological responses.

Prerequisite(s): BIO 200

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: not yet offered

BIO 202 - Ecology

Relationships of plants and animals to each other and to their environment. Investigated by experimental and field studies involving quantitative and qualitative techniques. Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 3 hours.

Prerequisite(s): 6-8 credits in biology.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2017

BIO 205 - Forensic Biology

Introduction to the diverse fields of forensic biology, entomology, microbiology, and molecular biology. Includes cases to show real life relevance. Mock scenarios will be used in the lab to learn the techniques and methods of forensic biology. Lecture, 2 hours; laboratory, 4 hours.

Prerequisite(s): BIO 102 and BIO 103 and BIO 220.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Spring 2012

BIO 210 - Environmental Biology and Conservation

Causes, effects and remedies relating to the environmental crisis as analyzed from an ecological viewpoint. Emphasizing biological resources or biological consequences from resource use. Lecture, 3 hours.

Prerequisite(s): Sophomore status.

3 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Spring 2017

BIO 215 - Animal Behavior

Catalogs behaviors across multiple taxa of animals. Examines the empirical and conceptual foundations that explain causation of animal behavior and how it can be further shaped by intrinsic and ambient parameters.

Prerequisite(s): 'C' or better in BIO 102 and sophomore status.

3 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Spring 2016

BIO 220 - Genetics

Biological inheritance in organisms from virus to man. Emphasis is on design and analysis of experiments. Topics include the chemistry of the genes and gene action, cytogenetics, genes in development, and the genetic basis of evolution. Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 2 hours.

Prerequisite(s): 'C' or better in both BIO 102 and BIO 103.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2017

BIO 228 - Vertebrate Zoology

The natural history, evolution and phylogenetic relationships of vertebrate animals are discussed in lecture; laboratories are devoted to the anatomy and taxonomy of the major vertebrate classes. Lecture, 2 hours; laboratory, 4 hours.

Prerequisite(s): 'C' or better in BIO 102.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Spring 2017

BIO 229 - Invertebrate Zoology

General introduction to the invertebrates. The classification, morphology, ecology, and phylogeny of major invertebrate phyla is emphasized. Lecture, 2 hours; laboratory, 4 hours; plus one all day Saturday or Sunday trip late in the course (students must provide transportation).

Prerequisite(s): 'C' or better in BIO 102.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2016

BIO 230 - Plant Anatomy and Morphology

Study of the external morphology of plants and their internal structures, including cells, tissues, and organs. Each feature is studied within an evolutionary context focusing on developmental and functional aspects, relating how the features arose and their possible functions. The lab consists of experience with the use of microscopes, the sectioning and staining of plant materials, and the observation of plant structures. Lecture, 3 hours, laboratory, 3 hours.

Prerequisite(s): 'C' or better in BIO 103.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Spring 2017

BIO 231 - Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy

Study of vertebrate organs and systems from the standpoint of divergent and convergent evolution. Dissection of the dogfish and cat illustrate the principles. Lecture, 2 hours; laboratory, 4 hours.

Prerequisite(s): 'C' or better in BIO 102.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2017

BIO 232 - Morphology of Non-Vascular Plants

Basic structures, relationships, and life histories of representative algae and fungi are analyzed. Two three-hour lecture-laboratory periods each week.

Prerequisite(s): 'C' or better in BIO 103.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Spring 2016

BIO 233 - General Microbiology

Scientific research. will be used to examine the worldwide health threat related to the supply of effective antibiotics. Basic biology concepts will be addressed through intensive research investigations of microbial diversity. Antibiotic discovery from soil bacteria during the lab portion of the course will support understandings of principles of microbiology.

Prerequisite(s): 'C' or better in BIO 102 or BIO 103.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Spring 2017

BIO 235 - Histology

Microscopic anatomy of cells and tissues within the organ systems of vertebrates with an emphasis upon structure-function relationships. Lecture, 2 hours; laboratory, 4 hours.

Prerequisite(s): CHE 120 and CHE 121; and 'C' or better in both BIO 102 and BIO 103.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Summer 2017

BIO 250 - Plant Taxonomy and Systematics

Study of the origin and diversification of land plants, emphasizing both classical taxonomy and modern systematics. Students learn to identify and classify plant groups based on evolutionary relationships. Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 3 hours.

Special Information: May include field trips for which students must provide their own transportation.

Prerequisite(s): BIO 220 and 'C' or better in BIO 103.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2017

BIO 294 - Biology Tier 3 Capstone

Topics vary.

Prerequisite(s): MAT 122 and completion of Tier 2 Natural World I and Natural World II.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: not yet offered

BIO 296 - Genomics I

An introduction to genomics through the study of prokaryotic and eukaryotic (including human) genomes, comparative genomics, and phylogenetic analysis. The lab is a course-based authentic research experience in which novel soil viruses are discovered, purified, characterized, visualized by electron microscopy, and sequenced by 'next-gen' sequency technology.

Prerequisite(s): (BIO 102 or BIO 103) and departmental permission.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2017

BIO 298 - Special Topics

Topics vary.

3 to 4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2017

BIO 301 - Physiology

Discussion of the basic principles of physiology, including biological molecules and cells, tissue biology, and system physiology. Not appropriate for premeds. Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 3 hours.

Prerequisite(s): CHE 121 and 'C' or better in BIO 102 and BIO 103.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2017

BIO 325 - Immunology and Infection

Role of the human immune response with specific regard to combating infectious agents. Immune development including innate and adaptive immunity are explored. A focus on the interplay of the immune system with intracellular and extracellular pathogens including bacteria, fungi, viruses, and prions.

Prerequisite(s): C+ or better in BIO 220.

3 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2016

BIO 327 - Field Natural History

Travel abroad to examine natural history and biodiversity of different ecosystems. Appreciate the diversity of other cultures and their relationship with biological features of their environment. Create and practice various applications of field biology as it relates to ecology, physiology, behavior, evolution, and conservation of a variety of organisms.

Prerequisite(s): 'C' or better in both BIO 102 and BIO 103.

3 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Summer 2017

BIO 334 - Microbial Ecology

Comprehensive study of the interrelationships between microorganisms and their environment with emphasis on physiology as a determinant of habitat and activity. Lecture, 2 hours; laboratory, 4 hours.

Prerequisite(s): BIO 233.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2017

BIO 335 - Pathogenic Microbiology

Role of microorganisms in human disease including pathogenic mechanism, epidemiology, host resistance, laboratory diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Lecture, 2 hours; laboratory, 4 hours.

Prerequisite(s): BIO 233.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Summer 2017

BIO 337 - Medically Important Arthropods

Students study biology, systematics, distribution, and ecology of arthropods (insects, arachnids, and myriapods) directly or indirectly injurious to humans or domestic animals. Students gain experience necessary to take more advanced courses on applied aspects of this topic.

Prerequisite(s): BIO 229.

3 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Spring 2016

BIO 350 - Anatomy of Vascular Plants

Study of the gross and microscopic anatomy of vascular plants. Two three-hour lecture-laboratory periods.

Prerequisite(s): 'C' or better in BIO 103.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2013

BIO 360 - Plant Growth and Development

Study of plant growth and development from embryogenesis through senescence, including pattern formation, cell fate determination, meristem and axis formation, and hormonal responses. Students conduct experiments testing environmental effects on plant growth and development. Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 3 hours.

Prerequisite(s): BIO 220 and 'C' or better in BIO 103.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Spring 2017

BIO 386 - Genomics II

Mapping, annotating, and comparing genomes with an introduction to DNA and protein sequence analysis using web-based genomic databases and tools. The lab is a course-based authentic research experience in which genes and associated sequences are identified and analyzed from a novel viral genomes sequenced in BIO 296.

Prerequisite(s): BIO 296

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Spring 2017

BIO 393 - Introduction to Bioinformatics

An analysis of DNA and protein sequences, evolutionary processes, genome characteristics, protein structure analysis, and global gene expression. Lab involves using bioinformatics software and programming.

Special Information: Lab fee required.

Prerequisite(s): BIO 220. BIO 386 is recommended.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2017

BIO 396 - Synthetic Biology: Engineering Life

This emerging interdisciplinary field intersects biology, mathematics, physics, computer science, and engineering. Real-world problems are identified, and student-driven projects are performed using network modeling in order to make predictions and test assumptions, and then molecular biology and genetic engineering laboratory techniques are used to redesign genetic circuits in single-celled organisms.

Prerequisite(s): MAT 122 or MAT 150 and completion of LEP: Natural World I and II.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2017

BIO 398 - Special Topics

Topics vary.

3 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2017

BIO 399 - Mammalian Biology

Evolution, classification, ecology, behavior, and conservation of mammals. Identification and familiarity with a diverse range of both North American and exotic mammalian species. This course includes field trips, during which students must provide their own transportation. Lecture, 2 hours; laboratory, 2 hours.

Prerequisite(s): BIO 102 and either BIO 228 or BIO 231.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2016

BIO 401 - Animal Physiology

Basic principles of physiology with emphasis on the biochemical and cellular mechanisms. Designed for students who wish to pursue a career in biomedical profession. Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 3 hours.

Prerequisite(s): CHE 121; and (PHY 201 or PHY 210 or PHY 230) and 'C' or better in BIO 102.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2017

BIO 420 - Plant Physiology

Study of the principles of plant physiology including photosynthesis, respiration, gas exchange, transpiration, and metabolism. The interaction of plants and the environment is emphasized focusing on both biotic and abiotic factors. Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 3 hours.

Prerequisite(s): CHE 120 and 'C' or better in BIO 103.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Spring 2016

BIO 427 - Entomology

General biology and classification of insects with emphasis on local fauna. Entomological techniques, taxonomy and the relationship of insects to their environment are stressed in the field and in the laboratory. Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory or field work, 3 hours.

Prerequisite(s): 'C' or better in BIO 102.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Spring 2017

BIO 429 - Limnology

Study of freshwater lake and stream ecosystems. Practical field and laboratory experiences supplement theory. Identification and interpretation of freshwater organisms and their habitats. Lecture, 2 hours; laboratory or field work, 4 hours. Students must provide transportation.

Prerequisite(s): CHE 120 and 'C' or better in BIO 102 and BIO 103.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2017

BIO 430 - Marine Ecology

Ecological approach to the study of estuarine-marine environments and organisms. Topics emphasized are productivity, food from the sea, food webs, pollution and environmental limiting factors. Field trips are required. Students must provide transportation. Lecture, 2 hours; laboratory, 4 hours.

Prerequisite(s): CHE 120 and 'C' or better in BIO 102 and BIO 103.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2017

BIO 432 - Mycology

General characteristics of the fungi. Emphasis on the importance of fungi to the environment, industrial application, and their evolutionary history. Lecture, 2 hours; laboratory, 4 hours.

Prerequisite(s): 'C' or better in either BIO 102 or BIO 103.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Summer 2015

BIO 435 - Developmental Biology

Study of the mechanisms and patterns of development in animals. Microscopic examination of prepared slides and selected experiments are used to illustrate principles involved. Two three-hour lecture-laboratory periods each week.

Prerequisite(s): BIO 220; BIO 436 recommended.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2016

BIO 436 - Molecular Biology

The study of the macromolecules and pathways of life that allow cells to store information, replicate, and maintain homeostasis. The structures and functions of the genome, transcriptome, and proteome will be emphasized. Introductory techniques of molecular biology are emphasized in the laboratory. Lecture, 2 hours; laboratory, 3 hours.

Prerequisite(s): BIO 220 or BIO 296; and CHE 121.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Spring 2017

BIO 438 - Aquatic Entomology

The study of aquatic insects in field and laboratory. Identification; environmental requirements; roles of insects in fisheries management, water pollution studies and recreation. Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 3 hours.

Prerequisite(s): 'C' or better in BIO 102. BIO 427 is recommended.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Spring 2016

BIO 440 - Parasitic Infections

Study of parasites that infect humans and the diseases that they cause. The focus will be on transmission, hosts, symptoms, and prevention. The social costs of current and emerging infections will be discussed.

Prerequisite(s): BIO 233.

3 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2017

BIO 451 - Tissue Culture

Methods of growing isolated cells in vitro. Media preparation, inoculation, growth factors and analysis of results are considered. A variety of tissues is cultured subject to facilities, time, and student interest. Two three-hour periods per week oflecture-laboratory.

Prerequisite(s): BIO 233 or BIO 301.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Spring 2013

BIO 454 - Brain – Anatomy and Transmission

Discussion of the structure of human brain and the pharmacology and biochemistry of neural transmission. Offered primarily to pre-med, pre-vet and pre-dental students.

Prerequisite(s): (BIO 228 or 231 or 301 or 401) and CHE 121

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Spring 2017

BIO 460 - Paleontology

Systematic study of the fossil remains of organisms, with emphasis on their evolution, structure, distribution and phylogenetic relationships.Three two-hour lecture-laboratory periods.

Prerequisite(s): Junior status and Biology or Earth Science major.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Spring 2016

BIO 467 - Laboratory Course in Biotechnology

Principles and practice of biotechnology in a research context. Laboratory methods, experimental design and research applications. Inquiry-based format designed to explore and analyze specific research problems.

Prerequisite(s): BIO 220 and BIO 436.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Spring 2014

BIO 470 - Methods of Biology Teaching

Researc-based teaching and learning methods taught in an active instructional environment. Curriculum development, inquiry and questioning methods, and assessment design in the context of core life sciences content are emphasized.

Special Information: Biology certification students only.

Prerequisite(s): 'C' or bett in BIO 102, BIO 103, and BIO 220; BIology education major.

3 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: not yet offered

BIO 497 - In-Service Training in Biology

Provides the opportunity for upperclass Biology majors to participate in a biological research project being conducted by an industry or governmental agency. Acceptance dependent on student’s qualifications. 3 credits

Special Information: Approximately 20 work hours per credit distributed over not less than 6 weeks.

Prerequisite(s): Departmental approval required.

3 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2017

BIO 498 - Advanced Special Topics

Topics vary.

4 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Spring 2017

BIO 499 - Independent Study and Research

Prerequisite(s): Departmental permission and overall GPA of 3.0 or higher.

1 to 6 credit(s).

Last Term Offered: Fall 2017